What Benzodiazepines Are There?
If we talk about anxiety. It has been the most prevalent disorder amongst the masses. Due to this, there have been various assumptions regarding its treatment. One of the best treatments for relieving the Symptoms of Anxiety is medication. Along with therapies. If we talk about medications. The best ones are the benzodiazepines. Now you must be wondering what benzodiazepines are used for? Well, to begin with. Benzodiazepines are the class of drugs that are commonly known as tranquillizers. As well as sleeping pills.
Let us talk more about it. And what are the medications that come under this benzodiazepine list.
Benzodiazepines are prescribed to people who struggle with anxiety or insomnia. Furthermore, they are only available with a prescription in the states. And are mainly prescribed mainly for problems such as anxiety. Only after a thorough analysis of the present symptoms. Doctors prescribe benzos mostly for older people.
For those who are over 65 years. Prescribing this medicine for certain anxiety conditions can also occur. However, there are certain benzos that help in treating other health conditions. Such as a sedative before a surgery, or to treat the symptoms of epilepsy.
What Benzodiazepines Do To The Brain?
What benzodiazepines do is, they work by enhancing GABA. It stands for Gamma Aminobutyric Acid. It is a very important neurotransmitter that is present in the brain. Benzos tranquillize the brain. And provide a sedating effect. Consuming them slows down the activity. That happens in the Central Nervous System(CNS).
Coming back to GABA, it is a type of chemical messenger. It blocks certain chemical signals. And slows down the activity that happens in the Central Nervous System. Furthermore, it helps in managing anxious emotions. Controlling unwanted racing thoughts. And by regulating shallow or rapid breathing.
Once the patient consumes a benzo. It would make them feel at peace. As well as undisturbed, blissful, elated, and in tranquility. However, if they start to misuse or abuse it in any way. Or use it for an extended period of time. Then it can also have a negative impact on one’s body.
What benzodiazepines are used for alcohol withdrawal?
As the human brain gets used to the increased levels of GABA. That benzos help in producing. It stops producing GABA on its own altogether. However, when this happens. The consumers feel more anxious, fearful, and stressed. Even more than they did before taking a benzo. Additionally, all the neurons and nerves that the brain lets out on its own. gets triggered by benzos. There are several emotions that get triggered by its consumption. Such as:
- Panic Attacks
- Rapid heart rate
- Mood swings
For the majority, these are the feelings that one shows when they have anxiety. Although, for some, these feelings can take over their achievements in life. Do you know?
Studies say that excessive worry can actually be a medical problem!
According to the WHO(World Health Organization), anxiety is the eighth most common cause of disability worldwide. Also, anxiety is the most common kind of mental illness that affects 1 in 5 US adults. And this is the data of every year. In which, around ⅔ are women . Experts say that women are more likely to face anxiety than men.
There are a variety of medications that come under benzodiazepines. These are very much capable of treating the symptoms of anxiety very well. Let us look into the benzos that are highly functional in the market nowadays. There are three types of benzodiazepines, that include short-acting benzodiazepines, Intermediate-acting benzodiazepines, and lastly Long-acting benzodiazepines.
Some of them are:
- Xanax (Alprazolam)
The usual starting dosage of Xanax medicine is around 0.25-0.5 mg. And tends to leave quickly from the body. It provides a quick relief from the symptoms of anxiety. However, the individual must take the medicine as prescribed. And not more than that. Under the CSA (Controlled Substances Act), Benzos are controlled in Schedule IV. It means that a constant usage of them would lead to addiction.
However, Xanax has the highest potential of causing addiction. Thus, one must consume it according to the prescription. Consuming this medicine more than the required dosage could actually harm the person.
- Klonopin (Clonazepam)
The usual dosage of klonopin is the same as Xanax. I.e 0.25 -0.5 mg. Furthermore, it starts to work slowly in the body and then starts to affect the patient. It leaves your body slowly. Thus, it can keep working for most of the day. It is also prescribed to treat RLS (Restless Leg Syndrome) in a person. This type of benzodiazepine is also best for treating panic disorder as well as seizures.
When it comes to Ativan. The usual dose of this medicine is 0.5-1 mg. It also starts to work slowly into the body. And then reduces the symptoms of the anxiety. The calming effects of benzodiazepines work throughout the body of a person. Also, a person should consume this according to the doctor’s prescription. Lorazepam is said to be a good choice. For treating anxiety for a particular time but not all day long.
- Valium (Diazepam)
About valium, the usual dose in the beginning is around 5 to 10 mg. It also starts to work quickly as compared to other benzodiazepines. However, it is very slow in leaving one’s body. Doctors consider this to be a good choice. If a person has a tendency to misuse a benzo.
Farmapram is the Mexican version of alprazolam. It was first manufactured by IFA Celtics. In order to normalise the usage of Xanax in Mexico. Its usual dosage stands at 0.5 mg to Farmapram 2mg. It can only be bought in Mexico. However, it can be easily bought online. Also, it is a legal medicine in Mexico. However, it can be illegal if a person does not buy it from a legal source.
What benzodiazepines are used for??
Benzodiazepines are highly effective in treating various mental health disorders. Such as anxiety, stress, seizures, and panic disorders. They have a variety of medicines for such disorders. As well as are proven to be really effective in every possible way.
Benzos have the potential to cause an addiction. Thus, it can be really harmful to consume these medicines. More than the required dosage. Furthermore, a person can really misuse the usage of this medication. This is why they must pay attention to the prescribed dosage of this medicine.
Moreover, a person can develop a sense of dependency for these medicines. This is why an individual must check the intake of its benzo consumption. Also, it enhances the feeling of euphoria in a person. This is why individuals tend to intake this medicine more.
If a person leaves the consumption of benzos, then they might face several side effects. Such as:
- Poor sleep
Addiction can be very harmful in that case. And can be severely damaging for the person who is consuming that medicine. Note that there can be severe long-term side effects of this medicine. And can be extremely harmful for the individual.
Is it safe to take benzodiazepines if I’m pregnant or breastfeeding my child?
No! It is not safe to consume benzodiazepines. If a woman is pregnant or breastfeeding. This can harm the woman. As well as the baby inside her. Furthermore, It is best to avoid any benzo in pregnancy. However, the only condition when it is allowed, is when the doctor has prescribes it. Mothers who have consumed a huge amount of benzos. Are proven to have some amount of damage to the child.
What Is The Difference Between Panic Attack Vs Anxiety Attack?
Unlike anxiety, which often has clear triggers. Panic attacks occur suddenly and unexpectedly. And typically only last for a few minutes. Those who experience panic attacks have reported lightheadedness. As well as chest pain, hot flashes, chills, and stomach discomfort.
If we talk about anxiety, it often has clear triggers. In case of panic attacks, they appear unexpectedly and suddenly. And usually lasts for a few minutes. Also, the symptoms of these highly vary as well. Anxiety is something that a person carries within themselves.
Let us see the difference between panic attack VS anxiety attack:
|Anxiety Attack||Panic Attack|
|Restlessness||Fear of dying or losing control|
|Excessive worry||Accelerated heart beat|
|Distress||Shaking and Trembling|
|Shortness of breath||Headache and nausea|
Acute anxiety can display comparatively lesser symptoms than panic disorder. However, you can know more about Acute Anxiety here. There are various mental health services that an online pharmacy could provide. Thus, it can be very helpful for a person. To consult a doctor before actually getting into the treatment.